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Principles of Assessment

Effective assessment is underpinned by the following principles:

  1. The purpose of assessment should always be made explicit.
  2.  The criterion referencing approach will be used.
  3.  Assessment must be authentic, continuous, multi-dimensional, varied and balanced.
  4. Assessment must be ongoing and an integral part of the learning process.
  5. Assessment must be accurate, objective, fair, valid, manageable and time efficient.
  6.  Assessment takes many forms, gathers information from several contexts and uses a variety of methods according to:
    1. What is being assessed; and
    2. The needs of the learners.
  7. Methods and techniques used must be:
    1. In accordance with one or more of the three tenets of OBE Assessment i.e. knowledge, skill and values; and
    2. Appropriate to the age and developmental level of the learner.
  8. Assessment must be bias free, sensitive to race and gender, cultural background and abilities.
  9. Assessment results must be communicated clearly, accurately, timeously and meaningful.
  10. Assessment planning must be linked to lesson planning, and assessment criteria for lessons need to be documented and explicit.
  11. Evidence of progress in achieving outcomes shall be used to identify areas where learners need support and/or remedial intervention.